Upper Eyelid Surgery Factual Information
The upper eyelid surgery is not always performed only for aesthetic reasons but also to remove several conditions related to the eyes and eyelids that both men and women are expiring during their lives. The main function of the upper lids is to protect the globe of the eyes. They are also responsible for distributing tears on the entire surface of the eye as well as facilitating the drainage of the tears through the lacrimal apparatus. Therefore, any abnormality of the upper eyelid can have consequences on the normal functionality of the eye and can lead to blocking one’s vision.
The swollen upper eyelid blepharoplasty is one of the most common cosmetic surgeries performed on the upper eyelids but not the only one. Different other types of surgery are performed on the upper eyelid to correct abnormalities that would impair the patient’s vision. Dermatochalasis, eyelid ptosis or brow ptosis or disinsertion and dehiscence of the levator aponeurosis are corrected with the help of surgery, commonly called blepharoplasty. Upper eyelid twitching can also be corrected with this type of procedure.
The excess skin or fat that may build up on the upper eyelid cannot be removed with medication. Thus the only chance for these people is having a blepharoplasty. In many cases, the condition is worsening due to ptosis and dermatochalasis.
A blepharoplasty can be done in two ways, traditionally or by using a newer endoscopic procedure. The traditional surgery of the upper eyelid consists in performing an external incision in the upper eyelid’s crease with stainless instruments and with suture. The newer ways to perform this type of surgery use laser techniques which makes the procedure less invasive. Surgeons nowadays close the operation by using tissue adhesive instead of sutures. The upper lid blepharoplasty id performed under topical and local anesthesia.
As any type of surgery, blepharoplasties present certain risks and they are not indicated to patients who expect other gains such as improvement of the professional status. Even if it is a cosmetic surgery, its purpose is to make the patient’s life easier and to restore the changes that came with ages. Patient’s who want other type of satisfaction will judge the result of surgery by their personal expectations and they prove to be disappointed by the results.
Even though patients tend to believe that it is a simple and easy procedure, there are several complications that may arise from a blepharoplasty. The most rare and severe complications are bleeding and infections. Bleeding into the retro-orbital space may cause in rare cases blindness. However, statistics show that blindness occurs in 1 of 40,000 cases. Blepharoptosis, ptosis of the upper eyelid and diplopia are other complications that could arise from such a procedure. More commonly, complications resulted after blepharoplasties are due to the excess skin removal or skin incisions that are placed inappropriately. These can lead to the formation of webbing, visible scars or folds, lagophthalmos or keratitis.
Contrary to common believes, the upper eyelid surgery is not an easy and simple procedure and it is only recommended to patients who need it to treat other conditions.